PREVENTING DIABETES

REVERSING OR CONTROLLING DIABETES

The A1C test measures your average blood glucose for the past 2 to 3 months. The advantages of being diagnosed this way are that you don't have to fast or drink anything.

·         Diabetes is diagnosed at an A1C of greater than or equal to 6.5%

Result

A1C

Normal

less than 5.7%

Prediabetes

5.7% to 6.4%

 Diabetes

6.5% or higher

 Total: 29.1 million people or 9.3% of the U.S. population have diabetes

Diagnosed: 21.0 million people

Undiagnosed: 8.1 million people (27.8% of people with diabetes are undiagnosed)

Prediabetes: In 2012, 86 million Americans age 20 and older had prediabetes; this is up from 79 million in 2010. -

·         Diabetes is diagnosed at fasting blood glucose of greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl

Result

Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)

Normal

less than 100 mg/dl

Prediabetes

100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl

Diabetes

126 mg/dl or higher

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

You will not develop type 2 diabetes automatically if you have prediabetes. For some people with prediabetes, early treatment can actually return blood glucose levels to the normal range.

Research shows that you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% by:

         Losing 7% of your body weight (or 15 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds)

         Exercising moderately (such as brisk walking) 30 minutes a day, five days a week

 See more at: http://www.diabetes.org

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